Difference between different windows servers Operating System

Difference between windows server 2008, 2012 and 2016 operating system

माइक्रोसॉफ्ट ने 2017 तक बहुत सारे विंडोज डेस्कटॉप एंड विंडोज सर्वर ऑपरेटिंग सिस्टम लांच किये है । सबसे पहले Windows NT के नाम से Windows NT 3.1, Windows NT 3.5 Server, Windows NT 4.0 सर्वर एवं Windows 2000 सर्वर लांच किये गए थे । लेकिन बाद मे  windows server brand name से सर्वर एडिशन स्टार्ट किये गए जिनमे  Active Directory, DNS, DHCP Server, Group Policy जैसे features के साथ बहुत सारे पॉपुलर फीचेर्स  add किये गए जो की आज भी बहुत उपयोग मे आते है । See list of windows server editions – 

S.NoWidows NameRelease DateServer Editions
1Windows NT 3.127 July 1993Workstation,
Server
2Windows NT 3.521 September 1994Workstation,
Server
3Windows NT 3.5130 May 1995Workstation,
Server
4Windows NT 4.024 August 1996Workstation,
Server,
Server Enterprise Edition,
Terminal Server,
Embedded
5Windows 200017 Feb 2000Professional,
Server,
Advanced Server,
Datacenter Server,
Powered (Embedded)
6Windows Server 200324 April 2003Standard,
Enterprise,
Datacenter,
Web,
Storage,
Small Business Server,
Compute Cluster
7Windows Server 200827 Feb 2008Web Core,
Standard,
Enterprise,
Small Business Server,
Datacenter ,
HyperV,
Foundation,
Storage
8Windows Server 2008 R222 Oct 2009Standard ,
Enterprise,
Datacenter
9Windows Server 2012 04 Sept 2012Foundation
Essentials
Standard
Datacenter
10Windows Server 2012 R218 Oct 2013Foundation
Essentials
Standard
Datacenter
11Windows Server 201612 Oct 2016

ऊपर की लिस्ट मे सभी सर्वर्स के एडिशन्स की इनफार्मेशन दी गयी है अब हम यहाँ पर विंडोज सर्वर्स के अलग अलग एडिशन्स के बिच जरुरी अंतर को बता रहे है – 

 

FeatureWindows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2012 R12Windows Server 2016
Shielded VMNot Supported Not SupportedFully Supported
Credential GuardNot Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
Remote Credential GuardNot Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
Code Integrity (Device Guard)Not Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
AppLockerPartially SupportedFully SupportedFully Supported
Control Flow GuardNot Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
Windows Defender: included
antimalware
Not Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
Host Guardian Service Not Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
Device Health Attestation
Service
Not SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Privileged Access: Just Enough
Administration
Partially SupportedPartially SupportedFully Supported
Privileged Access: Just-in-Time
Administration
Fully SupportedFully SupportedFully Supported
Virtualization Based SecurityNot SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Virtual TPM: Trusted Platform
Module
Not SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
BitLocker encryptionFully SupportedFully SupportedFully Supported
SMB 3.1.1 security improvementsNot SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Dynamic Access ControlNot SupportedFully SupportedFully Supported
AD Rights Management ServicesFully SupportedFully SupportedFully Supported
Azure Rights Management
Connector
Not SupportedFully SupportedFully Supported
Enhanced auditing for threat
detection
Fully SupportedFully SupportedFully Supported
PowerShell 5.1 security featuresPartially SupportedPartially SupportedFully Supported
New domain services capabilitiesNot SupportedPartially SupportedFully Supported
Better sign-on to Azure AD and
Office 365
Not SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Improved sign-on experienceNot SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Strong authentication optionsNot SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Simpler upgrade, deployment,
and management
Not SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Conditional accessNot SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Developer focusNot SupportedPartially SupportedFully Supported
Active Directory Lightweight
Directory Services
Fully SupportedFully SupportedFully Supported
Web Application ProxyNot SupportedPartially SupportedFully Supported
Linux and FreeBSD virtual
machines for Hyper-V
Partially SupportedFully SupportedFully Supported
Linux Secure BootNot SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
PowerShell Desired State
Configuration for Linux
Not SupportedPartially SupportedFully Supported
Manual hot add and remove
memory
Not SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Storage Spaces Direct Not SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Health Service Not SupportedNot SupportedFully Supported
Resilient File System Not Supported Partial Supported Fully Supported
Data deduplicationNot Supported Partial Supported Fully Supported
SMB 3.0Not Supported Fully Supported Fully Supported
Work Folders – overview Not Supported Partial Supported Fully Supported
Chkdsk Performance Partial Supported Fully Supported Fully Supported
iSCSI Not Supported Fully Supported Fully Supported
(NFS 4.1 SupportNot Supported Fully Supported Fully Supported
Datacenter Bridging Partial SupportedFully Supported Fully Supported
Network Controller Not Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
Software Load BalancerNot Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
Network Address TranslationNot Supported Fully Supported Fully Supported
Distributed firewall Not Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
User-defined routing Not Supported Not Supported Fully Supported
Port mirroringNot Supported Partial Supported Fully Supported
Multi-Tenant GatewayNot Supported Partial Supported Fully Supported

More Differences – 

Physical Memory Support :

Wk12/Wk12 R2 Standard and Datacenter : Up to 4 TB per physical server

Windows Server 2016 Standard and datacenter : Up to 24 TB per physical server

Virtual Machine Memory Support : 

Wk12/Wk12 R2 Standard and Datacenter : Up to 1 TB per virtual machine

Windows Server 2016 Standard and datacenter : Up to 12 TB per virtual machine

Minimum System requirements : 

Windows Server 2008 and R2: X86-64 Platform-  1.4 Ghz CPU, 512 MB RAM, 20 GB (32 bit) and 32 GB(64 bit) hard drive space

Windows Server 2012 :   1.4 Ghz CPU, 512 MB RAM, 32 GB hard drive space

Windows Server 2016 : 1.4 Ghz CPU, 512 MB RAM, 32 GB + 4 GB (GUI), Supports NX, DEP, CMPXCHG16b, LAHF/SAHF, PrefetchW and Second Level Address Translation (EPT or NPT), Ethernet adapter with at least gigabit throughput

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